We use the ISO C declaration format. All MPI names have an MPI_ prefix, defined constants are in all capital letters, and defined types and functions have one capital letter after the prefix. Programs must not declare names (identifiers), e.g., for variables, functions, constants, types, or macros, beginning with any prefix of the form MPI_, where any of the letters are either upper or lower case. To support the profiling interface, programs must not declare functions with names beginning with any prefix of the form PMPI_, where any of the letters are either upper or lower case.
The definition of named constants, function prototypes, and type definitions must be supplied in an include file mpi.h.
Almost all C functions return an error code. The successful return code will be MPI_SUCCESS, but failure return codes are implementation dependent.
Type declarations are provided for handles to each category of opaque objects.
Array arguments are indexed from zero.
Logical flags are integers with value 0 meaning ``false'' and a non-zero value meaning ``true.''
Choice arguments are pointers of type void *.